Young children are often at risk for falls and sometimes for injuries caused by fire, animal bites, chemicals, and unfortunately sometimes by violence.
children sometimes suffer injuries as pedestrians or motor vehicle
passengers. Motor vehicle accidents become a leading cause of bodily
injury, traumatic brain injury, and death for late adolescents and early adults.
addition to management of physical injuries and pain, children often
show psychological reactions to traumatic injuries. This may range from
depression, to anxiety and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In some cases behavioral difficulties can emerge.
Recognition of psychological reactions to trauma can be more difficult in children than in adults. Depression
may manifest by withdrawal, sometimes anger and irritability and even
in destructive behaviors. Children with anxiety reactions may become
excessively dependent, fearful to leave parents, overly concerned with
their own physical or medical well-being, and sometimes concerned
something will happen to caregivers.
In addition to nightmares, childhood PTSD may involve relapses of bedwetting or regression into more immature behaviors. School performance sometimes deteriorates.
Assessment of childhood and adolescent traumatic reactions
has become more sophisticated. Personality tests with validity measures
include the Adolescent Personality Scales (APS) and the Minnesota
Multiphasic Personality Inventory - Adolescent Version (MMPI-A).
Validity scales have also been developed for inventories of Post
Traumatic Stress Disorder specifically appropriate for children and
adolescents such as the Trauma Symptom Inventory. There are even some
norms developed to assess validity and help rule out malingering for
some tests of neuropsychological or memory performance.
information on this site or any links if for educational purposes only
and should not be relied upon as a substitute for professional
individual evaluation and treatment.
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